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Facts About Dominican Republic | Dominican Republic Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Dominican Republic - Category: Introduction - Background: Explored and claimed by Christopher COLUMBUS on his first voyage in 1492, the island of Hispaniola became a springboard for Spanish conquest of the Caribbean and the American mainland. In 1697, Spain recognized French dominion over the western third of the island, which in 1804 became Haiti. The remainder of the island, by then known as Santo Domingo, sought to gain its own independence in 1821, but was conquered and ruled by the Haitians for 22 years; it finally attained independence as the Dominican Republic in 1844. In 1861, the Dominicans voluntarily returned to the Spanish Empire, but two years later they launched a war that restored independence in 1865. A legacy of unsettled, mostly non-representative rule followed, capped by the dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas TRUJILLO from 1930-61. Juan BOSCH was elected president in 1962, but was deposed in a military coup in 1963. In 1965, the United States led an intervention in the midst of a civil war sparked by an uprising to restore BOSCH. In 1966, Joaquin BALAGUER defeated BOSCH in an election to become president. BALAGUER maintained a tight grip on power for most of the next 30 years when international reaction to flawed elections forced him to curtail his term in 1996. Since then, regular competitive elections have been held in which opposition candidates have won the presidency. Former President (1996-2000) Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna won election to a second term in 2004 following a constitutional amendment allowing presidents to serve more than one term.

Category: Government - Legal system: based on French civil codes; Criminal Procedures Code modified in 2004 to include important elements of an accusatory system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Category: People - Population: 9,507,133 (July 2008 estimate)

Category: Economy - Imports - commodities (%): foodstuffs, petroleum, cotton and fabrics, chemicals and pharmaceuticals

Category: Geography - Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines; territorial sea: 6 nm; contiguous zone: 24 nm; exclusive economic zone: 200 nm; continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Category: Transportation - Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 19; 1,524 to 2,437 m: 3; 914 to 1,523 m: 5; under 914 m: 11 (2007)

Category: Communications - Internet users: 1.677 million (2007)

Category: Military - Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Dominicana, FAD) (2007)

Category: Transnational Issues - Disputes - international: Haitian migrants cross the porous border into the Dominican Republic to find work; illegal migrants from the Dominican Republic cross the Mona Passage each year to Puerto Rico to find better work

Other random facts about Dominican Republic 

  1. Geography - Terrain: rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed

  2. Economy - Investment (gross fixed) (% of GDP): 19.6% of GDP (2008 estimate)

  3. Economy - Current account balance: -.23 billion (2008 estimate)

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook